The goal of the Migrant Education program is to provide leadership
to the field regarding programs and services that promote academic
excellence and equity for migrant students. To achieve this goal, the
program strives to create conditions that empower educators working
with migrant children to collaborate in designing programs that build
upon student's strengths, eliminate barriers, provide continuity of
educations and produce levels of performance for migrant students that
meet or exceed those of the general population. Parental involvement is
viewed as an essential part of the educational process, and
home-school-community partnerships provide the support necessary to
improve student achievement.
Identification of Migrant Students
- Agricultural activity means
- Any activity directly related to the production or processing of
crops, dairy products, poultry, or livestock for initial commercial
sale or personal subsistence;
- Any activity directly related to the cultivation or harvesting of trees; or
- Any activity directly related to fish farms. (34 CFR 200.40(a))
- Fishing activity
means any activity directly related to the catching or processing of
fish or shellfish for initial commercial sale of personal substance.
- Migratory agricultural
worker means a person who, in the preceding 36 months has moved from
one school district to another in order to obtain temporary or seasonal
employment in agricultural activities (including dairy work) as a
principal means of livelihood (34 CFR 200.40(d))
- Migratory child
means a child who is, whose parent, spouse or guardian is, a migratory
dairy worker, or a migratory fisher, and who, in the preceding 36
months, in order to obtain, or accompany such a parent, spouse, guardian
in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural
or fishing work has moved from one school district to another. (34CFR
- Migratory fisher
means a person, who in the preceding 36 months, has moved from one
school district to another, in order to obtain temporary or seasonal
employment in fishing activities as a principal means of livelihood.
Certificate of Eligibility
The Certificate of
Eligibility (COE) is the legal document used by the state to enroll
eligible migrant children into the New Generation System (NGS) for
Migrant Student Record Transfer. Before setting out to recruit migrant
students, the recruiter must be certified by the education service
center after having successfully passed the ESC's Post assessment on
Identification and Recruitment Competencies. The recruiter must be
knowledgeable about eligibility criteria for making eligibility
determinations and about the services available to eligible students.
Educational and support services (e.g., direct instruction, counseling,
health, etc.) cannot be provided until the child has been determined
eligible and the completed COE is properly distributed and filed by the
fiscal agent. The importance of obtaining credible information on the
COE is essential.
Seven Areas of Focus
The Migrant Program has seven areas of focus.
- Migrant Services Coordination (All levels)
This area of focus is required at all grade levels and seeks to ensure
that migrant students and their families have their needs for
education and support services met, and are able to access all services
for which they are eligible for entry in MEP's early childhood program
for three-year-olds through transition into post secondary education
- Identification and Recruitment (ages 3-21)
The migrant coordinator actively seeks to identify and recruit all eligible
migratory children and youth residing in the state. These are children
who migrate with their parents, or alone, across school district lines
in search of temporary or seasonal work in fishing or agriculture.
Identification is essential in order to offer migrant students
opportunities to learn and succeed in school.
- Early Childhood Education (age 3 to grade 2)
The emphasis placed on Early Education for 3 and 4 year olds enhances
performance opportunities for young migratory students. The MEP
provides models for home-based education directly involving parents and
school-based early childhood programs that coordinate with other
available services such as Headstart.
- Graduation Enhancement (grade 9-12)
The Iv1EP promotes the transition to postsecondary education through
the promotion of student leadership, academics, the development of
college entrance exam programs, standardized tests performance improvement
strategies, correspondence courses through the University of Texas
Austin, admissions counseling, and coordination of activities that
ensure that all migrant students are processed for postsecondary
- Parental Involvement (all levels)
- Parent Advisory Councils empower parents to be advocates and to take
advantage of all available resources for the education of their
- Secondary Credit Exchange and Accrual (grades 9-12)
As secondary education students move from school to school,
documentation of courses taken and recommended becomes significant in
their educational development. Districts are also responsible for
partial and complete credits awarded by schools.
- New Generation System for Migrant Student Record Transfer (ages 3-21)
With the recent elimination of the national migrant data base (Migrant
Student Record Transfer System), Texas has taken the lead in the
development of this new system for transferring student information not
only within the state, but also to the 46 receiving states that also
serve Texas migrant children.
Migrant is part of the Title III (Part C) federal funding. Funding is based on the number of students in the program.
For more information on the SISD migrant program,
Dina Baxter, Migrant Coordinator